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Jennifer Gruenke headshot

Faculty - Dr. Jennifer Gruenke

Associate Professor of Biology
137 White Hall
Union University
Jackson, Tennessee 38305
(731) 661-5912


  • B. S. in Biology, Bryan College
  • Ph.D. in Cell Biology, University of Virginia

Previous Experience

  • Associate Professor of Biology, Cell Biology, Bluefield College, 2007-2009
  • Assistant Professor of Biology, Biology, Patrick Henry College, 2002-2007

Courses commonly taught

  • Immunology
  • Anatomy and Physiology


  • Littleton, LC and Gruenke, JA. "A Comparison of the Effect of Three Adjuvants on the Immune Response to Ovalbumin in Mice" BIOS. In press.
  • Isaac Newton's Bible: Science and Heresy in 17th Century England" In KJV 400, ed. Ray Van Neste. (Borderstone Press). In press.
  • "Faith and Science: Hard Questions." Renewing Minds: A Journal of Christian Thought 1(Spring 2012): 41-50.
  • Gruenke, J and Barnard, J. "Don't Put the Brain on Trial." Public Discourse. 4 Oct 2011.
  • Park, HE, JA Gruenke, JM White. Leash in the groove mechanism of membrane fusion. Nature Structure Biology, 2003 Dec; 10(12):1048-53.
  • Gruenke, JA, RT Armstrong, WW Newcomb, JC Brown, JM White. New Insights into the Spring-Loaded Conformational Change of Influenza Hemagglutinin. Journal of Virology, 2002 May; 76(9):4456-66.
  • The Role of Structural Changes in Influenza Hemagglutinin Mediated Fusion, Dissertation, 2002.
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