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Becoming a Preceptor

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Preceptor Training Workshop - Medical Conditions


In order to demonstrate knowledge of the practice of athletic training, to think critically about the practices involved in athletic training, including the ability to integrate knowledge, skill and behavior, and to assume professional responsibility, the entry-level certified athletic trainer must possess an understanding of medical conditions and disabilities associated with physically active individuals.

The cognitive and psychomotor competencies and clinical proficiency should encompass the following body areas:

  • derma
  • head, including the brain
  • face, including maxillofacial region
  • thorax, including the heart and lungs
  • abdomen, including the abdominal organs, the renal and urogenital systems
  • eyes
  • ear, nose, and throat

The use of learning objectives and outcomes to support recognition and detection, referral, and understanding treatment approaches for medical conditions and disabilities ensures that the student is able to:

Psychomotor Competencies

  1. Obtain a medical history of the patient that includes a previous history and history of the present condition.
  2. Perform a visual observation of the clinical signs associated with common injuries and/or illnesses including deformity, edema/swelling, discoloration, and skin abnormalities.
  3. Palpate the bones and soft tissues, including the abdomen, to determine normal or pathological characteristics.
  4. Apply commonly used special test and instruments (e.g., otoscope, stethoscope, ophthalmoscope, peak flowmeter, chemical "dipsticks" [or similar devices]) and document the results for the assessment of:
    • Vital signs including respiration (including asthma), pulse and circulation, and blood pressure
    • Heart, lungs, and bowel sounds
    • Pupil response, size and shape, ocular motor function
    • Body temperature
    • Ear, nose, throat and teeth
    • Urinalysis

Clinical Proficiency
Demonstrate and general and specific (e.g., head, torso and abdomen) assessment for the purpose of (a) screening and referral of common medical conditions (b) treating those conditions as appropriate, and (c) when appropriate, determining a patient's readiness for physical activity. Effective line of communication should be established to elicit and convey information about the patient's status and the treatment program. While maintaining confidentiality, all aspects of the assessment, treatment, and determination for activity should be documented using standardized record-keeping methods.

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