All students enrolled in Union University are expected to have the responsibility, accountability, and competence to make positive choices that maintain and improve their physical, mental and spiritual well-being.
"Or do you not know that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you,, whom you have from God, and you are not your own? For you were bought at a price, therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God's."
1 Corinthians 7:19-20
Union University firmly believes that the use of drugs and other illegal substances can have a negative effect on the performance of the student's intellectual and spiritual development. The potential for alcohol and drug abuse threatens the viability of the student's professional development, the public's confidence in Union's programs and its academic reputation among colleges and universities. Most importantly, alcohol and drug abuse affects individual wellness which is imperative in maintaining a healthy mind and body to serve within God's kingdom and be productive for His purposes.
In furtherance of these beliefs, Union University has instituted an alcohol and drug testing policy to maintain wellness for students with the following goals:
Students enrolled in health related programs may be required by clinical agencies to demonstrate that they are alcohol and drug free. This policy statement is specifically for those students and it's purpose is to delineate the procedures for required clinical testing, and to establish actions to be taken in the event of positive testing.
This policy applies to all students enrolled in health related academic programs at Union University.
All alcohol and drug test results, evaluation and counseling reports and other related information obtained as a result of this policy will be treated in a confidential matter. Access to this information will be limited to those who have a need to know and will be kept separately from a student's academic record.
"Alcohol" means any product of distillation of any fermented liquid or any beverage that contains ethyl alcohol (ethanol), including but not limited to beer, wine and distilled spirits, and alcohol used in the manufacture of denatured alcohol, flavoring extracts, syrups, or medicinal, mechanical, scientific or culinary preparations.
"Assistance program" means an established and approved program capable of providing expert assessment of alcohol or drug abuse; confidential and timely identification of services with regard to alcohol or drug abuse; referrals of students for appropriate diagnosis, treatment and assistance; and follow-up services for students who participate in the program or require monitoring if returned to their academic program.
"Drug" means any controlled substance identified in Schedules I through V of Section 202 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 812). Such drugs include, but are not limited to, amphetamines, barbiturates, benzodiazedines, cocaine, methaqualone, opiates (codeine, heroine, morphine, papaverine), phenycyclidine (PCP) and cannabinoids (THC, marijuana). In accordance with this policy, "drug" also means any legend drug obtained in violation of any Food and Drug Administration enforced statute or regulation. The abuse and/or dependence upon legally permitted substances such as, tobacco, prescription drugs, etc. is also prohibited.
"Drug paraphernalia" means any equipment, product or material that is used or intended for use in concealing a drug or for use in injecting, ingesting, inhaling, or otherwise introducing into the human body a drug or controlled substance.
"Drug test" or "test" means any chemical, biological or physical instrumental analysis, for the purpose of determining the presence or absence of alcohol, drugs or its metabolites. Tests may be based on breath, saliva, urine, blood and/or hair samples and are conducted by qualified and licensed personnel.
"Reasonable-suspicion drug testing" means alcohol or drug testing based on a belief that a student is using or has used alcohol or drugs in violation of this policy drawn from specific, objective facts and reasonable inferences drawn from those facts in light of experience. Among other things, the facts and inferences may be based upon:
"Refusal to test" means:
"Under the influence" means a condition which alters, impairs, diminishes or affects the body's sensory, cognitive or motor function due to alcohol or drug consumption; drug comsumption may include extensive use of prescribed medications as well as illegal use of drugs. This also means the detectable presence of substances within the body, regardless of when consumed, having an alcohol test result of 0.04 or greater alcohol concentration and/or having a positive alcohol or drug test
"Use of Prescription Stimulants" means the appropriate treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) as evidenced by a recent (within the previous 6 months) psychosocial evaluation by an appropriately licensed/certified psychologist or other relevantly trained physician that includes a clear description of the impact of ADHD, summary of relevant information, diagnosis, history (including the presence of any co-psychological disorders), educational assessment, summary, and recommendations and the possession of a current, valid prescription for the stimulant. A student's use of stimulants (as evidenced by a positive drug screen) without a current psychosocial evaluation and prescription will be considered to be abuse of prescription drugs and a "positive" test as noted below.
Any of the following actions constitutes a violation of the policy and may subject a student to disciplinary action including immediate termination from the program:
Applicant Testing: All applicants accepted into a health-related academic program may, depending on the program requirements, be required to submit to an initial drug screen upon enrollment. This will be at the student's expense.
Random Testing: The student may be selected at random for drug and/or alcohol testing at any interval determined by the University. When selected for random testing the student must visit the designated laboratory within twenty-four (24) hours of notification.
Reasonable Suspicion Testing: Union University may ask the student to submit to a drug and/or alcohol test at any time it feels that the student may be under the influence of drugs or alcohol, including, but not limited to, the following circumstances: evidence of drugs or alcohol on or about the employee's person or in the employee's vicinity, unusual conduct on the employee's part that suggests impairment or influence of drugs or alcohol, negative performance patterns, or excessive and unexplained absenteeism or tardiness.
Post-Incident Testing: Any student involved in an on-campus or clinical site incident which injures the student, another student or a patient under circumstances that suggest possible use or influence of drugs or alcohol in the incident may be asked to submit to a drug and/or alcohol test.
Monitoring Testing: Any student participating in a prescribed treatment program will be required to submit to drug testing as indicated by that treatment plan at the student's expense.
All testing will be performed by designated laboratories certified by either the SAMHSA (Department of Health and Human Services) or other governmental entity. Testing shall be in accordance with industry standards and in accordance with any applicable federal and state laws. The collection procedures shall be designed to ensure the security and integrity of the specimen provided by each student and those procedures shall follow chain-of-custody guidelines.
A Medical Review Officer shall be designated to receive all laboratory results from every type of test and assure that an individual who has tested positive has been afforded an opportunity to justify the test result. If the MRO determines that there is no legitimate explanation for the positive result, such result will then be considered a verified positive test result.
When testing is accomplished by urinalysis testing, it shall be accomplished by split specimen collection. The split specimen will be stored at the initial laboratory until the analysis of the primary specimen is completed. If the primary specimen is negative, the split will be discarded. If the primary specimen is positive, the split will be retained for testing if so requested by the student through the Medical Review Officer. When notified of a positive test result, a student may request a retest of the split specimen within forty-eight (48) hours of notification. The student will be responsible for the costs associated with the retest.
Tests for breath alcohol concentration will be conducted utilizing a National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)-approved testing device. If the initial test indicates an alcohol concentration of 0.04 or greater, a second test will be performed to confirm the results of the initial test. The confirmatory test will be observed and performed between fifteen minutes and no more than 30 minutes from the completion of the original test.
First "positive" test - Students receiving a first "positive" test for alcohol or drugs will be suspended for not less than the remainder of the semester and referred for evaluation by an appropriate and approved assistance program. After receiving appropriate recommendations and/or completing treatment, the student will be reinstated to continue with the original cohort or will be reenrolled with a later cohort. The student will be admitted on probationary status and may be ineligible for University funds for not less than one semester. The student will be responsible for complying with all recommendations made by the assistance program. The testing results will be reported to the appropriate state licensing board either by Union University or the approved treatment facility, if applicable. Upon reinstatement or reenrollment, a student is subject to random testing or monitoring testing as indicated in the treatment plan and/or in accordance with this policy. If the duration of the student's suspension is unresolved at the end of the semester, the student will receive an incomplete ("I") for that semester's classes. If the student withdraws from the academic program and University, those incomplete grades will be converted to F's. If the student is reinstated to continue in the academic program, the incomplete grades will be replaced with permanent grades once the course requirements are fulfilled. Failure to attend or cooperate with recommendations made will subject the student to being dismissed from the program.
Second "positive" test - Students receiving a second "positive" test will be dismissed from their academic program and the University. All courses that the student is enrolled in will be given a grade of an "F."
The following are additional disciplinary consequences:
Students who are convicted of any alcohol or drug related violation under state or federal law or who plead guilty or nolo contendere (i.e. no contest) to such charges must inform the University in writing within five (5) days of the conviction or plea. Failure to report a conviction will result in disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal from their academic program and University.
Union University will be responsible for costs associated with the random, reasonable suspicion and post incident screening process. However, students are responsible for costs associated with enrollment and pre-clinical drug testing, participation in approved assistance programs, outpatient and/or inpatient recommended treatment plans and follow-up. Failure to comply will result in program dismissal.
While it is the desire to the University to promote a wellness plan that supports the grace filled community of the University, there are many external factors (e.g. licensing boards and clinical facility requirements) that may prohibit the student's ability to complete program requirements and may therefore result in program and Universtiy dismissal. If this occurs, the University is not liable for any effects this may cause in being unable to foster the student's completion of the program's academic requirements.
If a student is allowed to reenroll in the academic program, an individualized plan will be established by the chair, program director, and/or dean in providing an avenue to promote academic success. The student will have the option to abide by the plan or withdraw from the academic program and University. Reinstatement to continue with original cohort may occur if the suspension is cleared promptly within the semester it occurs. Reenrollment to continue with a subsequent cohort may occur if the suspension is cleared after more than one semester.