BIO 221

Human Anatomy and Physiology, Part I


4 credit hours, no prerequisite required,

no credit towards BIO minor

Syllabus for Fall 2008




Dr. Andrew Madison

Office:  White Hall 134

Phone:  661-5127




Office hours:

Monday, Wednesday, Friday:  9:00–10:00 AM

Tuesday, Thursday:  9:30–10:30 AM


Feel free to drop by other times.  If I am in my office, I’ll be happy to talk with you.  Also, feel free to set up appointments at other times in the above times do not work for you.  Keep in mind that I may be setting up lab in WH 103 on Monday mornings.


Course Objectives:

This course is designed to provide a broad overview of the human body, emphasizing basic anatomical structures and physiological processes.  This course is designed for students seeking a degree in allied health related fields (e.g., nursing, physician’s assistant).  During this semester you will be examining the cellular and tissue basis of anatomy and physiology of the human body, the integumentary system, the skeletal system, the muscular system, the cardiovascular system, and reproductive system.  Although this course will rely heavily on memorization, it will also train you to think critically and logically approach problems.  The psalmist was correct when he said, “I praise you because I am fearfully and wonderfully made; your works are wonderful, I know that full well” (Psalm 139:14).


How Does This Class Meet the Mission of Union?

Christ-centered –


“For you created by inmost being; you knit me together in my mother’s womb . . . My frame was not hidden from you when I was made in the secret place.  When I was woven together in the depths of the earth, your eyes saw my unformed body” (Psalm 139:13, 15–16a).  God created us and constructed our bodies, formulating the intricate physiology that drives us.  The fingerprint of God’s creativity can easily be observed through His creation of the human body.  In this class we will observe those wonders and examine the details of human anatomy and physiology.


People-focused –


I am here for you.  If you are having difficulty understanding the material in this class, PLEASE FEEL FREE to make an appointment to see me.  That’s what I get paid for!  My door is also open for informal conversation on a variety of other subjects.


Excellence-driven –


One of my goals in this class is that by exposing you to the workings of the human body, you will “be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have” (1 Peter 3:15). Your information processing skills will be taxed; during this course we will be covering a large quantity of information.  It is EXTREMELY important that you keep up with the material; lagging behind will seriously jeopardize your grade.  You can take comfort in the fact that the ability to digest and incorporate large amounts of information quickly is a valuable skill in healthcare related careers.  If you are a Christian, I expect you to give your best effort towards the completion of the requirements for this class.  This class is the foundation for much of what you will study further in your major and the Bible commands us that “whatever you do, work at it with all your heart, as working for the Lord, not for men” (Colossians 3:23).


Future-directed –


This class is the foundation for many of the allied health related majors.  Much of this material will come back to haunt you in the future.  You should keep both your textbook and notes for this class.


Required Textbooks:

Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 12th edition by Gerard J. Tortora and Byran Derrickson.


The lectures will follow the textbook closely; you are encouraged to bring your textbook to the lectures and to lab.  You are expected to read each chapter prior to covering it in lecture.  This will enhance your learning process.  Most students read through a chapter the first time and think, “Huh?”  Give it a chance!  Although you may not completely understand the material the first round through, the lectures will typically awaken your comprehension.  I encourage you to highlight important concepts in your book, write notes in the margin (or use sticky notes if you do not want to mark up the book), and use the study aids provided in the book to help you. 


Method of Evaluation:

Overview of assignments and examinations —



Exams (3)


A > 90%

Comprehensive Final Exam


B = 80–89%



C = 70–89%



D = 60–69%



F < 60%



Lab practicals (3)


Lab assignments







Lecture will count 75% towards your final grade and the laboratory will count 25% toward your final grade.  This point scale is tentative and is subject to modification during the semester.



Exams —


The exams will be a mixture of short-answer essays, multiple choice, true-and-false, and matching questions.  You should not expect the exams to simply be regurgitation of memorized material.  Critical thinking questions will typically comprise at least 20% of the questions.


The final exam will be in the same format as above, but it will be comprehensive, covering material from throughout the semester. 



Laboratory Assignments —


Laboratory assignments are due the next lab after completing the laboratory activity.  Not all labs will have an assignment to turn in.  If you want to earn a near perfect score on laboratory assignments that are turned in, complete it during lab and let me look it over before it is due.  I am happy to suggest improvements so you will earn the best score possible.  I will admit that one of my pet peeves is seeing students rushing to complete their laboratory assignment immediately prior to lab.  So, do not expect my help the day that it is due (except for minor clarifications of questions or answers).


Lab Exams —


The lab exams will assess your knowledge on laboratory procedures, methods, and understanding of why you are performing the lab activity.  They will focus on the anatomical structures or cells / structures examined using the microscope.  Correct spelling is expected.  For anatomical features, distinguishing between left and right is also expected, where appropriate.  You will be expected to know the material from memory and will not be given a list of terms or words to choose from during the lab exam.



I have developed a Blackboard web site for this class.  It will contain fill-in-the-blank lecture notes, copies of lab assignments, supplementary material for laboratory practicals, and your grades.  It also has internal email, and I prefer that you email me through Blackboard, rather than using my regular email address.  To access Blackboard, point your browser to:


(NOTE: its https not http.  You cannot access the site without the additional “s”.)


You should be able to log-in to Blackboard just like you would log-in to your normal student online account (student ID + your password).



I have observed a direct positive correlation between lecture (and lab) attendance and the resulting grade.  In other words, students who miss class tend to perform very poorly.  Therefore, attendance is required for this class.  I expect you to be at every lecture and laboratory meeting, excepting emergencies and illness.  If you know that you are going to miss a lecture, I expect the professional courtesy of a phone call or email informing me IN ADVANCE of your absence (non-emergency absences will NOT BE EXCUSED after the fact, even for legitimate reasons).  Legitimate and excusable absences include (but are not limited to): 1) personal illness (must be verified by a nurse/doctor excuse), 2) Union University sponsored functions, 3) death in the family or extreme family problems, and 4) civic responsibilities (jury duty, military responsibilities, etc.). 

Attendance will be taken at the beginning of each lecture and lab.  I expect you to be on time.  You will be allowed 2 unexcused absences without penalty in the lecture.  The third and subsequent absences from the lecture will result in the subtraction of 5 points from your grade total.  A total of 6 unexcused absences in lecture will result in automatic failure of the course.  Laboratory activities are almost impossible to make up.  Attendance for the entire lab period is important, if you are late for 3 labs, it will count as an absence.  If you miss 3 labs, you will receive a zero for the entire lab grade, no excuses!  You may be able to make up a lab by attending an alternate lab, however lab space is very limited and you MUST verify that you can come to an alternate lab PRIOR to the lab’s time.  I’ve listed below all of the labs and their lab instructor:


Monday – 2:00 PM.  Dr. Andy Madison

Tuesday – 9:30 AM.  Dr. Mark Lockett (x5960)

Tuesday – 2:00 PM.  Ms. Amy Sparkman (394-0446)

Wednesday – 8:00 AM.  Ms. Amy Sparkman

Wednesday – 2:00 PM.  Ms. Amy Sparkman


Cheating and Plagiarism:

I encourage you to work with others in and out of the classroom.  Study together.  Do assignments together.  Review other student’s notes from class.  Just don’t copy from each other!  If two or more homework assignments from different students have identical wording, all offending parties will receive a zero for the assignment, regardless of who copied whom.


If you are caught cheating on an exam, repeatedly copy from others to complete laboratory assignments, or are caught cheating on a lab practical, you will receive an automatic failing grade for this course and the incidence will be reported to the Dean of Arts and Sciences for further reprobation.


Last day to drop:

If you are not performing well in this class, your first action should be to come by my office and discuss with me potential reasons for your poor performance.  I can give you additional study tips and am more than willing to tutor you through difficult concepts.  If all else fails, you can drop this class, so long as you do so before October 13, 2008.  After this date you will receive a failing grade, even if you drop the class (except for extenuating circumstances).


Late Assignments:

Assignments turned in after their due date will receive a 10% reduction in grade for every day it is late (without a valid excuse).  In other words, if you turn in a 10-point lab three days late, I will deduct 3 points before it’s even graded. 


General Course Outline:





(This is a tentative outline and subject to change!)



Chapter 1 – An Introduction to the Human Body

Chapters 2 & 3 – The Chemical and Cellular Levels of Organization

Chapter 4 – The Tissue Level of Organization

Chapter 5 – The Integumentary System

Chapters 6, 7, & 8 – The Skeletal System

Chapter 9 – Joints

Chapter 10 – Muscular Tissue

Chapter 19 – The Cardiovascular System: The Blood

Chapter 20 – The Cardiovascular System: The Heart

Chapter 21 – The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels and Hemodynamics

Chapter 28 – The Reproductive Systems

Chapter 29 – Development and Inheritance




Week 1 – Introduction to Anatomical Terminology

Week 2 – Examining Osmosis

Week 3 – Chemical Digestion

Week 4 – Introduction to the Microscope

Week 5 – Lab Exam #1

Week 6 – Skeletal System

Week 7 – Human Tissues (and Skeletal System, continued)

Week 8 – Human Tissues, continued

Week 9 – Lab Exam #2

Week 10 – Muscular System

Week 11 – Blood Vessels of the Human Body

Week 12 – Thanksgiving Holiday (NO LABS WILL MEET)

Week 13 – Heart Anatomy and Physiology

Week 14 – Lab Exam #3